Ever wondered to grow herbs and simple vegetables at home but were not able to accomplish owing to the lack of space? Then farming with the help of hydroponics is the ultimate answer to quest our gardening thirst and to meet the ever-growing demand for fresh herbs and vegetables.
It is the art and the science of soilless gardening. It is the technique of growing healthy plants without the use of the traditional soil medium. Instead, it makes use of a mineral-rich water solution. It is based on the technique of offering the most important things for plant growth, such as water, sunlight and some nutrients. Through this method, it is found that the plants not just grow without soil, but they grow a lot better when their roots are in the nutrient medium instead.
Benefits of hydroponics system :
The technique of growing plants in a nutrient medium is becoming a popular choice among many agriculture enthusiasts as it is a sustainable approach for resource utilization compared with usual methods of growing. Its inherent benefits are,
There are certain requirements for this specialized indoor gardening technique as it differs from traditional farming on the soil. The most important of them is the Nutrient solution
It is possible to make use of ready to use store-bought solution for hydroponic systems. The individual can also prepare their own special solutions depending on the requirement of chemical elements of that particular plant they want to grow. The primary nutrients that are essential for plant growth are nitrogen, potassium, magnesium, the secondary nutrients are Sulphur, calcium, and phosphorus. Micronutrients such as copper, iron, manganese, and zinc are required for the nutrition medium as well. The nutrition solution should be stored in a food grade container at room temperature and away from direct light. The solution should be mixed well before using. The plants will indicate if they are receiving too less or too much nutrition. If they are fed less, their leaves will appear yellow, and if they are fed more, the leaves will look curled or burnt.
Choosing the right type of plants to grow hydroponically:
It is possible to grow anything hydroponically and some plants thrive more in the system than others. Therefore, it is important to choose plants that adapt to the moisture and does not grow big and outnumber its set up. The plants that are best to grow hydroponically are tomato, lettuce, capsicum, leafy greens, cucumber, etc. Also, the hydroponic system should be set up depending on the size and sturdiness of the plants and the extent of their root development.
Plants with shallow roots do well in culture solutions such as green leafy vegetables. On the other hand, plants with deep roots such as heavy vegetables, beets, and cucumbers grow better on growth mediums such as sponges, foam, peat moss, coconut husk, etc.
Plants that flower and fruit need sunlight exposure whereas greens grown under the inexpensive fluorescent lights when placed above them.
Building the homemade hydroponics system:
Hydroponic farming methods are becoming extensively popular and the system of growing plants this way is readily available online and in stores. It is also possible to build a homemade hydroponic system in the following ways.
This technique of indoor farming at home is capable of growing the healthiest food possible in large quantities and in the smallest available space and in the most sustainable way. It accomplishes all the goals set by organic farming and helps people to grow food in places where traditional agriculture techniques are simply not possible.