Agriculture has undergone a lot of changes in the recent past. Gone are the days when ploughing and harvesting on large tracts of land alone was the source of food. Technology has changed the way of the traditional farming also with the availability of self-driven tractors, GMO seeds, drones and advanced calculations to derive and compare production data. The latest in the line of advanced farming techniques is the growth of vegetables and fruits indoors without soil or sunlight. This process is called hydroponics. It involves growing plants vegetables and fruits in water that is mixed with solutions containing all the ingredients required for the development of a plant. According to research, plants require five basic things to grow which includes food, light, oxygen, support, and water. If all of these conditions are present a plant can thrive both indoors and outdoors. The presence of these conditions does not include soil. Therefore, plants can grow without soil as well. Scientists have now worked on this and figured out the hydroponic system which works without the presence of soil.
Hydroponics involves growing plants in water according to statistics with nutrients. This water is soaked by plants with their roots which remains submerged in the same. Food can be grown in less space which is perfect for cities where space constraints are huge. You can grow almost any herb or smaller vegetables in tubs. According to statistics, it is yet to be decided who is the inventor of hydroponics but there is no doubt that hydroponics is and really useful science. The word hydroponics was first coined by a scientist from California in 1936. He had apparently grown a tomato plant in his home which grows almost 25 feet. This, given the concept of hydroponics, can be used for growing an indoor farm even in the absence of soil.
Hydroponics is an amazing science because it can help you produce fruits and vegetables that are without pests of the soil, viruses, bacteria, or even weeds. The plants grown with science are much healthier as they also grow much faster than fruits and vegetables produced using traditional techniques. This is because the plants, in this case, are receiving the required nutrients without any hassle since it is already present in the liquid in which the roots are submerged. Also, the plants get sunlight throughout the day and night in a controlled atmosphere. In hydroponics, even the light from which the plants make food is not always sunlight. Most of these plants grow under the LED lights which provide light throughout the day and night thus hastening the process of photosynthesis and the production of food.
Hydroponics also allows the amount of nutrition in each of the fruits and vegetables produced to be controlled. This is because the nutrition required is provided through the nutritional solution added in the water of the plants. So, you can produce lettuce with low potassium levels which are perfect for a patient with a kidney condition.
If you are feeling very encouraged to take up hydroponics and produce some fresh fruits and vegetables here are a few pointers for you:
Your very own hydroponic garden is now ready.